Coronavirus And The Possible Ways This Virus Can Spread


Coronavirus is the family of viruses that cause respiratory illness. SARS-CoV-2 is the new strain of this virus family that causes severe respiratory illness, and the disease is known as Covid-19. Let us see how this disease is spread.

Before we see that, it is important to mention that to safeguard yourself and people around you from this infectious disease, wear face mask in public place, to cover your nose and mouth.

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Respiratory transmission

The virus is transmitted from person-to-person through respiratory transmission. When a person with covid-19, coughs or sneezes they spray respiratory droplets that carry the virus. When these dangerous droplets land on your mouth, nose or eyes, the virus gets a chance to sneak into your body.

Contact Transmission

Another mode of possible transmission of this virus is through touching.  These virus bearing droplets, that are emitted by the infected person, may also land on surfaces and objects. When you touch these surfaces or objects some of the virus is transmitted to your hands.

Novel coronavirus can survive for hours to days on different kinds of surfaces. Researches are not sure about how long these viruses can survive on surfaces. The survival of virus depends on temperature and humidity.  Based on one study, it shows that this virus can survive for 24 hours on some material and on plastic and steel it remains for 2 to 3 days.

Aerosol transmission

Aerosols are tiny particles, invisible to naked eyes that float in the air. When people with coronavirus sneezes or coughs tiny particles are transmitted through air. Droplets even comes out when they speak. These small particles that drifts in air, can also contain the coronavirus and cause the spread.

By wearing mask and maintaining social distancing of 6 feet can reduce the chance of inhaling this air borne virus. Close proximity with other people needs to be avoided during pandemic like coronavirus.

Not every aerosol that comes from the patient carry the virus. Studies show that coronavirus can remain in the air for up to three hours. However, how long it remains infectious remains unknown.

Though rare, people who have covid-19 but with no symptoms can also spread this virus. The innocuous activities of some people may transmit this dangerous virus. Without knowing all the possible ways of transmission, protecting ourselves from this virus can be overwhelming.

However, if you can follow the health etiquettes, you can reduce the chances of contracting or spreading this virus.

Clean the frequently used areas like, toilets, bathrooms, kitchen counter, elevator buttons, handrails on staircase, etc., with a disinfectant. Wash your hands with soap for at least 20 seconds, every time you touch these high-touch surfaces. If you touch your eyes, mouth or nose before washing your hands, then you are allowing this virus to enter your body.

If you feel you are exposed to coronavirus, quarantine yourself. Avoid contacting your friends and family members. Wear a mask to mitigate the spread. Contact your doctor and follow their guidelines.

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