The Obesity Issues with the Solutions for You
The official definition of obesity is (according to the WHO) an accumulation of body fat that can adversely affect overall health and be the cause of certain diseases. Obesity occurs when you consume more calories than you expend. It is therefore the result of an equation between the amount of food ingested and daily physical activity.
In North America, obesity is one of the leading causes of preventable disease. It is estimated that in Canada, between 40 and 60% of adults have a problem with being overweight. However, we must differentiate between overweight and obesity, without forgetting that a significant untreated overweight frequently progresses to obesity. From lorcaserin intermediate manufacturer factory you can have the solutions present.
Causes of Obesity
The main causes that lead to obesity are:
- A diet that is too rich: sugars, fat, etc.
- No or little physical activity
- A family predisposition
- Certain diseases: hypothyroidism, metabolic disorders
Who is affected? What are the risk factors?
It used to be thought that obesity was the result of a lack of willpower. We now know that several other factors come into play:
The environment: populations in North America who have daily access to junk food are more likely to be obese or overweight
Certain genetic factors
- Aging: our metabolism slows down with age and we must therefore reduce our energy intake (or be more active) in order to maintain a healthy weight
- Certain illnesses, such as bulimia, for example
- Multiple pregnancies, when the woman does not return to her healthy weight after each childbirth
- Stress and psychological distress can lead to food compulsions
Lack of sleep
Heavy alcohol consumption, because in addition to providing a large number of empty calories, alcohol inhibits hunger signals and whets the appetite
Eating habits: too many restaurant meals, too large portions, prepared meals, etc.
The main symptoms
A surplus of fat distributed in various regions of the body (belly, hips and thighs, buttocks, trunk, neck and face, etc.)
Respiratory weakness: the slightest effort causes shortness of breath (climbing stairs, for example)
Joint pain (back or knees, most often)
Low self-esteem and, in some cases, a tendency to depression
Diagnosis of obesity
To diagnose obesity, specialists rely on several techniques, but the most common is that of BMI (body mass index). Although approximate, this is a calculation that helps define the extent of overweight. To determine a person’s BMI, he divides weight (in kilograms) by height (in meters) squared. The results are easy to read:
- Under 18.5: thinness
- Between 18.5 and 25: healthy weight
- Between 25 and 29.9: overweight
- Over 30: obesity
- Over 40: morbid obesity
In addition to calculating the BMI, the specialist (doctor, nutritionist or trainer) will carry out a global examination to determine the location of the fat. For this, it measures the waist circumference and the hip circumference. Finally, a questionnaire will help him define the person’s eating and physical habits. From the lorcaserin hcl manufacturer you can find the right medications as well.
Possible risks of complications
The number of diseases that result from overweight and obesity is more than impressive. It is estimated that the first disorders occur after about 10 years of obesity or significant overweight. The more the person is in a state of advanced obesity (the higher their BMI), the more serious will be the risks of suffering from the following diseases:
- Chronic joint problems and back pain
- Cardiovascular disorders: hypertension, cholesterol, heart failure, etc.
- Metabolism disorders, such as diabetes or gout
- Respiratory disorders and sleep apnea
- Decreased life expectancy
- Venous thrombosis
- Increased risk of having a stroke
- Gallbladder stones
- Complications during pregnancy
- Depression and other psychological ailments due to low self-esteem, isolation, etc.