Diagnosis and Treatment for Melasma

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Melasma a common skin issue that leads to brown to grey-brown patches on the face. While the exact causes of melasma are unknown, sun exposure, pregnancy, birth control pills, and cosmetics are common triggers. 

How is it diagnosed?

A Dermatologist usually looks at your skin for a diagnosis. Your dermatologist can examine your skin with a device called Woods Light to see how deeply the melasma penetrates the skin. Melasma may sometimes appear like another disease of the skin. Your dermatologist may need to remove a small section of the skin to rule out other skin conditions. This test is referred to as a skin biopsy.  A dermatologist can conduct a skin biopsy safely and quickly in their office.

What are the different procedures for treating Melasma?

On its own, Melasma may fade. This usually occurs when melasma is caused by pregnancy or taking of birth control pill. Melasma may fade on its own after childbirth or stop taking birth control pills. However, some folks have melasma for years or even a lifetime. If the melasma does not go away on its own or a woman does not want to continue taking birth control pills, some melasma therapies are available such as:

 

  • Hydroquinone

 

The first treatment for melasma should be a simple one. The cream is applied to the skin and, it lightens the skin. In medication that comes as cream, lotion, gel, or jelly. Without a prescription, you can get some of them. These medicines are less hydroquinone than a drug that you can also obtain from your dermatologist.

 

  • Melasma Treatment Toronto

 

There are many different forms of laser systems. Only certain wavelengths are suitable for Melasma Treatment Toronto. Sovereign skin clinic expert uses Laser Resurfacing from ActiveFX to treat clear signs of melasma and other hyperpigmentation issues. Laser irradiates the skin in a very precise way. It also targets and removes organelles (inner skin cells) that contain melanin which is also called melanosomes. The body removes the remains through a shedding process once these melanosomes are destroyed. Normally, the skin is hypopigmented and tends to be lighter than normal for a short period.

 

  • Tretinoin And Corticosteroids

 

The dermatologist will prescribe a second medication to enhance skin lightening such as; Tretinoine or a corticosteroid. This medicine contains three pharmaceutical drugs sometimes (hydroquinone, tretinoin, and a corticosteroid). This is often referred to as a triple cream.

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