Alzheimer’s Disease: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

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Is your close one starting to forget the most important things? He/she can’t even remember the simple information? It can be Alzheimer’s disease – the most frequent cause of dementia.

Alzheimer’s disease is one style of dementia that becomes worse over time. Dementia is a lack of functioning of the brain due to some cause.

In other words, Alzheimer’s is a progressive cerebral pathology, in which the brain degenerates gradually. Moreover, Alzheimer’s usually occurs in people 65-70 years of age and people who develop it, and produce changes in memory, thinking social function, and behavior that worsens over time.

It influences the behavior and tremendously the speech ability in expressing the language, judgment, or decision making. Overall, there is memory damage.

At the same time, this situation can be described as the most common cause of dementia in people, and some sources show that this disease affects 60 % of dementias. As dementia is the loss of cognitive skills or functions like reasoning, thinking, and the ability to remember, it distorts the life and daily routine of a person.

Symptoms of Alzheimer’s Disease

We all encounter faulty memory and general flaws in our thinking now and then, but the signs of Alzheimer’s exhibit this to such a degree that it stops with daily living.

Alzheimer’s Disease signs include lower retention of recently acquired knowledge, difficulties with developing or following plans, misremembering how to do simple daily routine, uncertainty about time and place, seriously poor judgment, stress with visual and spatial perception, misplacing things and being not able to retrace steps, missing language ability, withdrawal and essential changes in disposition.

It’s common to have occasional incidents that are reminiscent of these symptoms. Still, they’re more likely to be Alzheimer’s Disease signs when a generally older individual can’t live their life the process they used to because of excessive carelessness or disabled thinking. A few of the most common signs of dementia are:

  • Feeling of disorientation
  • Reduced ability to communicate
  • Memory loss and confusion
  • Failure to think in specific terms
  • Difficulty or inability to complete familiar tasks
  • Uncertainty over the place of personal items and familiar places
  • Attitude and behavioral changes
  • A decrease in personal initiative
  • Personality changes

Causes of Alzheimer’s Disease

The causes of Alzheimer’s are still not completely known. A person can be diagnosed with Alzheimer’s because of their genes or methods of living. Although some reasons that are specifically known to cause Alzheimer’s are obesity, down syndrome, excessive smoking, and high blood pressure. Another cause for the disease is age and genetic make-up of a person.

Further, it is confirmed that people who have had head traumas or bad whiplashes are more prone to Alzheimer’s disease. It is also said that aluminum also causes Alzheimer’s disease. The most common causes of dementia include:

  • Disorders, for example, Alzheimer’s disease, strokes, and Parkinson’s disease
  • Infections that affect blood flow and circulation (vascular disease)
  • Unnecessary consumption of drugs and alcohol
  • Vitamin B12 and folate deficiency
  • Viruses to other organs
  • Thyroid problems, hypoglycemia
  • Head injuries and trauma
  • Poisoning
  • Inadequate supply of oxygen to the brain
  • Raised cholesterol and atherosclerosis

Treatments Of Alzheimer’s Disease 

  • Medication

Alzheimer’s Disease remedy can support you for a time with memory symptoms and other cognitive changes. There are two types of drugs that are currently used to heal Alzheimer’s symptoms:

Memantine

This medicine works in another brain cell communication network and reduces the progression of signs with moderate to severe Alzheimer’s Disease. It’s sometimes used in combination with a cholinesterase inhibitor. Moderately rare side effects include nervousness and dizziness.

Cholinesterase Inhibitor

These medications work by boosting levels of cell-to-cell communication by preserving a chemical messenger that is consumed in the brain by Alzheimer’s disease. The growth is modest.

This medication may also improve neuropsychiatric symptoms, for example, anxiety or panic. Generally prescribed cholinesterase inhibitors include rivastigmine (Exelon), donepezil (Aricept), galantamine (Razadyne). Well, the main side effects of these remedies, such as loss of appetite, diarrhea, sleep disorders, and vomiting. Some people with cardiac conduction disorders, serious side effects may include cardiac arrhythmia.

Sometimes other medicines, for example, antidepressants, may be suggested to help control the behavioral symptoms associated with Alzheimer’s Disease.

  • Prevention 

There are no confirmed methods to stop the development of Alzheimer’s disease. But, there is epidemiological evidence to recommend that leading a healthful lifestyle can lessen the chance of Alzheimer’s disorder. Regular physical activity may have a general protective impact on brain health and may slow the progress of Alzheimer’s disease.

Although there are no particular dietary specifications for Alzheimer’s, a Mediterranean-style diet (for example, plant foods like olives, beans, whole grains, vegetables, poultry, beans, eggs, olive oil along with cheeses, and fish) may overcome the chance of Alzheimer’s disease, and has the added advantage of reducing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes risk.

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